Characteristics in Children

Most people with dyslexia or Specific Learning Disorders will exhibit over 10 of the following traits and behaviors. These characteristics can vary from day-to-day or minute-to-minute. The most consistent thing about them is their inconsistency.

GENERAL  CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Appear bright, highly intelligent, and articulate, but unable to read, write, or spell at grade level. 

  • Labeled lazy, dumb, careless, immature, "not trying hard enough," or "behavior problem." 

VISION, READING, AND SPELLING 

  • Complains of dizziness, headaches or stomach aches while reading.

  • Confused by letters, numbers, words, sequences, or verbal explanations

HEARING AND SPEECH:

  • Experiences extended hearing; hears things imagined but not necessarily said or apparent to others

  • Easily distracted by sounds.

  • Difficulty putting thoughts into words; speaks in halting phrases; leaves sentences incomplete; stutters under stress; mispronounces long words, or transposes phrases, words, and syllables when speaking.

WRITING AND MOTOR SKILLS:

 

  • Trouble with writing or copying; pencil grip is unusual; handwriting varies or is illegible.

  • Can be ambidextrous, and often confuses left/right, over/under.

  • Clumsy, uncoordinated, poor at ball or team sports; difficulties with fine and/or gross motor skills and tasks; prone to motion-sickness.

 

Reprinted with permission | http://www.dyslexia.com | © 1992 by Ronald D. Davis.

MATH AND TIME MANAGEMENT:

  • Manifests difficulty with telling time, managing time, learning sequenced information or tasks, or being on time.

  • Can count, but has difficulty counting objects and dealing with money.

  • Can do arithmetic, but fails word problems; cannot grasp algebra or higher math.

  • Computing math shows dependence on finger counting and other tricks; knows answers, but can't do it on paper.

MEMORY AND COGNITION:

  •  Excellent long-term memory for experiences, locations, and faces.

  •  Poor memory for sequences, facts and information that has not been experienced.

  • Thinks primarily with images and feeling, not sounds or words (little internal dialogue). 

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Davis Dyslexia

Professional services described as Davis®, including Davis Dyslexia Correction®, Davis Symbol Mastery®, Davis Orientation Counseling®,  Davis® Attention Mastery,  Davis® Math Mastery, and Davis® Reading Program for Young Learners  may only be provided by persons who are trained and licensed as Davis Facilitators or Specialists by Davis Dyslexia Association International.