Anatomy of a Learning Disorder

The Dyslexic/ADD Picture Thinkers:

  • Understanding comes through  stringing together pictures in their minds. 

  • ​Picture thinking speed is approximately 1,000 times faster than word thinking

  • Average brain processes at 32 pictures per second

 

NOW, THAT'S FAST!

 

  • Word thinking slows down to only 100-200 words per minute.

Symbols vs. Pictures:

  • When reading/writing/listening, this person has difficulty with non-visual words or symbols

  • Examples:

    • the 

    • was 

    • but 

    • +

    • ?

    • #

    • 217 total

Try it out:

Can you picture the word "elephant?"

Maybe it looks something 

like this

Now try to picture the word "the." 

 

What do you see?

You probably saw the word t h e, right?

Imagine trying to deal with 219 of those words!

Disorientation:

  • Because of strong visual abilities, they are often triggered to be disoriented by confusion when presented words/numbers

  • Without thinking, they erroneously change their perceptions leading to:

    • Confusion​​
    • Working overtime to understand what is being said or heard.

  • Those with ADD do the same thing with what they hear and see, giving them incorrect perceptions.

Confusion:

  • Usually "pushes on" with reading/focusing despite missing pictures

  • Comprehension lost

  • Confusion reigns

Reading, writing or math are difficult because of the mistakes they make.

Those with ADD become frustrated with the reactions of those around them.

Mistakes

 

Frustrations

To dyslexics and ADD individuals, these distortions appear as reality. Therefore, they make mistakes in what they are reading, writing or how they react to situations.

 

Some common mistakes may be:

Dyslexics:

  • Alter a sequence of letters, numbers or words.

  • Omit a letter, number or word.

  • Skip lines.

  • Stop or hesitate.

  • Voice becomes monotone.

  • Writing is illegible or messy.

  • Reading, spelling or writing become slow and laborious.

  • Guess at words and spellings.

  • Ignore math symbols or lose the sequence while computing a math problem.


ADD/ADHD:

  • Lack of concentration.

  • Tired in school or while reading.

  • Impulsive.

  • Easily distracted.

  • Disorganized.

  • Inconsistent (one day they can do something - the next day they can't).

  • Problems following instructions.

  • Difficulty forming/keeping relationships with others.

  • Frequent inability to sit still.

Reading, writing or math are difficult because of the mistakes they make. Those with ADD become frustrated with the reactions of those around them.

What are Compulsive Solutions/Behaviors?

 

For those strugging with Dyslexia:

  • Extreme concentration

  • Memorizing rather than understanding.

  • Rereading over and over. Sounding out each letter of every word.

  • Avoiding reading, writing or math tasks.

  • Getting others to read or write for them.

For those with ADD/ADHD:

 

  • Hanging around with the wrong crowds.

  • Becoming class clown.

  • Withdrawing from social situations.

  • Adopting the "I don't care" attitude.

  • Extremely good at making up excuses.

 

 

 

If you, or your child, have difficulties with reading, writing, handwriting, spelling, math, or attention, please contact me at: elizabethbertran@gmail.com

Unsure if Dyslexia could be causing these difficulties? Please take advantage of the free:  Davis® Dyslexia On-Line Assessment

 

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Davis Dyslexia

Professional services described as Davis®, including Davis Dyslexia Correction®, Davis Symbol Mastery®, Davis Orientation Counseling®,  Davis® Attention Mastery,  Davis® Math Mastery, and Davis® Reading Program for Young Learners  may only be provided by persons who are trained and licensed as Davis Facilitators or Specialists by Davis Dyslexia Association International.